Civil engineering is an oldest profession and the work of the civil engineers can be visible everywhere in the whole history. They are the people who are behind the development from the pyramids to the skyscrapers. These people are involved in the designing of the various buildings and also in the construction of them. Their involvement can be seen in various areas like transportation, waste and water management. The civil engineers need to be qualified ones with the certificate of course completion from a reputable university under the state. There is a high demand for civil engineers in almost all the parts of the world as construction and renovation have become the face value of this era.
Construction companies employ the civil engineers for the planning of the structure, designing, building and also in the maintenance of it. There are geotechnical engineers available who are the specialized civil engineers who deals with rocks and soil and they are the ones who have the responsibility for designing the foundation of any structure to be built. Structural engineers are another category of the civil engineers who deal with the materials for building like concrete, steel, wood etc and they also take care of the structural systems that are necessary for the building of the particular building. They are responsible for ensuring the amount of load the building is capable of bearing. The sustainability of the building against the various natural adversities like snow, ice, earthquake, wind etc should also be considered by these engineers and they can determine the future of the building.
There is a branch associated with the civil engineering that is called as water – resource engineering in which the individuals are given specialization in treating the water for human use. They also know the way to remove waste water and also in the removal of excess water that can occur as a result of floods and storms. The water utilities agencies and companies also employ the civil engineers for the purpose of accomplishing these particular goals. These engineers help in almost every stage associated with the supply chain of water in the rural and urban areas. These engineers will be well versed in dealing with irrigation system and also the sewage system in effective manner. These engineers take care in not damaging any lakes, streams and wetlands when they are developing projects for water supply or sewage system.
Civil engineers are employed by the transportation companies for the purpose of designing highways and also for the safety management. They are also helpful in the designing of sea port, the mass transit systems and also for the planning of the airport. These civil engineers also have role in the infrastructure management. These civil engineers need to have specialization in the niche of transportation.
The government agencies as well as the companies in the private sector employ the civil engineers if they are involved in the landfill management. These engineers work in excavation, design of landfill and also monitor the course of the water and leachates. When the landfill reaches the maximum capacity, these engineers seal them and supervise the emission of gas as well as leachate.